Irrespective of whether you are arranging a entire new staircase or just a refurbishment of your current stair balustrade, you will need to make absolutely sure that your stairs comply with latest Uk constructing regulations. Numerous older staircases may perhaps not satisfy present-day specifications, so putting in new handrails, spindles and newel posts will give you a likelihood to bring your staircase up to date in phrases of safety as effectively as appears to be. Listed here is a quick run-down of the most important factors relating to personal domestic stairs that you should really be mindful of: Private Right Of Way Disputes | Jason Edworthy

Stair pitch

The stair pitch, or steepness, is incredibly critical for safety. Each individual stage ought to be degree and have the very same increase (top) and the identical likely (depth). For occasion, you won’t be able to have 190mm for the very first 4 risers followed by 200mm for the relaxation, as this would be perplexing for the person.

An exception to this rule is if there is a landing halfway up the stairs, in which scenario every single section of the staircase can be taken care of otherwise. However, this is not recommended.

These are the permitted measurements:

· The maximum increase, or height, for any stage ought to be 220mm, with the minimum amount becoming 150mm.

· Each and every step has to have a least going, or depth, of 220mm, and a maximum heading of 300mm.

· The utmost pitch, or steepness, will have to not exceed 42°.

Stair width

Feel it or not, there is no advice for the bare minimum width of a domestic staircase. Having said that, to ensure that your stairs are satisfying to the eye and snug to use it is ideal to make the staircase at the very least 800mm broad, with the optimum encouraged width getting amongst 850mm and 950mm.

When it arrives to loft conversions, the widely approved bare minimum width is 600mm, even though amongst 700mm and 750mm is advised.

On staircases that modify way, you are authorized to make each individual flight a unique width if essential.

Stair duration

A flight of stairs can include things like up to 36 risers, or techniques, in a straight line. Just after that, they need to modify route by at the very least 30°. This is to interrupt falls and avert any individual tumbling a lengthy way down to the bottom of the stairs.


A landing can both be a flat platform the place the stairs alter direction, or element of the ground at the top or bottom of the staircase. For security, the landing will have to be at the very least as wide and deep as the narrowest component of the stairs. All landings will need to be completely level besides for the floor ground, where a slight gradient (up to 1:60) is permitted. In addition, no doorway need to be equipped to swing nearer than 400mm to the entrance of any move.

Head home

There is a bare minimum head place necessity of 2m at all points the two on and off the stairs. In the situation of loft conversions the out there headroom will fulfill building restrictions as prolonged as the top at the centre of the staircase is at minimum 1.9m, and does not minimize to considerably less than 1.8m at the side of the stairs.

Some building regulate officers may possibly be lenient if you are having authentic difficulties with your loft stairs, but you should usually verify with them ahead of heading forward.


Your stairs need to have a handrail on at least a person aspect if the staircase is a lot less than 1m huge, and rail on both of those sides if the stairs are wider than this. You you should not have to in shape a handrail on the to start with two measures up from the base, but immediately after this stage you should make sure there is a handrail on any open up components of the staircase to shield individuals heading up and down.

The handrail peak requires to be amongst 900mm and 1000mm as calculated from the pitch line to the top rated of the handrail. (The pitch line is an imaginary line drawn across the suggestion of the treads displaying the slope of the staircase from top to base.)

Mind the hole

One particular of the most crucial guidelines, aimed at preserving compact children and stopping falls, is that a 100mm sphere ought to not be capable to pass by way of any opening on a staircase. This signifies you will need to make certain that the spindles, or balusters, are not too much aside, and that any extensive gaps between open up risers are equipped with riser bars to minimize the sizing of the openings.

Stair balustrades should really also be created so that kids are not encouraged to climb up them. For this rationale aged-fashioned ‘ranch style’ banisters with horizontal stair rails should be changed with vertical spindles.

Make sure you notice that these rules only utilize to houses in England and, for the most section, Wales and Northern Ireland. Scotland has its very own set of building regulations.